India is running a big campaign to reduce plastic usage in our country. Such campaigns are going on almost everywhere around the world. For the first time, the first attempt is to get rid of once-used plastic, because it plays the biggest role in the world’s plastic pollution. Another challenge that stands with this is micro-plastic, that is, fine particles of plastic that are not visible to the naked eye. They are everywhere. Even in the air in which we breathe; Are in the water we use; Even in the food that we eat. These particles are in the river, in the pond and also in the sea. Along with this, they have also been found in our land and soil, where their quantity is constantly increasing. Nowadays, a lot of emphasis has been laid on the use of compost made from waste instead of chemical fertilizer. This is a good way to save the environment, but the problem is that our waste contains plastic, which reaches our fields through compost. For some countries such as America, this problem is too big because there are many substances which contain a lot of plastic in order to increase production rapidly. Actually, we were still unaware of the side effects of plastic found in the soil, now they are slowly coming to the fore.
When Anglia Ruskin University researched this micro-plastic found in the ground, there were some very dangerous signs. They found that due to this earthworms found in the ground started becoming weak. Where there is as much micro-plastic, there are equally weak earthworms. Earthworms are not only the fertility of our land but also our food security. One, they convert the waste present in the soil into compost for the plants, secondly they make the soil pollen in such a way that the roots of the trees and plants present in it can breathe easily. Especially, it has the biggest role in the germination of seeds. That is why over the last few years, the most emphasis has been laid on vermicompost. Apparently, increasing micro-plastic in the ground means reduced soil productivity. Interestingly, scientists who came to this conclusion were trying to find out if the addition of micro-plastics to the soil could increase its productive capacity, and the result they got was quite the opposite.
This experiment gave us another reason why there is a need to move quickly towards freedom from plastic. The world population is currently more than 750 crores. There has never been a need in human history as many people as we have to feed. In this case, even a slight decrease in food production can change the political balance of the whole world. It is believed that the way for any country to become financially powerful starts with food self-sufficiency. This may not be sufficient in itself, but it is a necessary condition. That is, this micro-plastic can mix the strength of many countries in the soil.